Family Nurse Practitioner
A family nurse practitioners an advanced practice registered nurse working autonomously or together with other healthcare professionals to offer family-focused `care. The family patient population focus has a broad nature, so an FNP provides a wide variety of healthcare services. The services that revolve around the family unit will include:
- Health promotion
- Diseases prevention
- Direct care
FNPs have advanced degree education, and their clinical training specializes in family medicine. The nature of this training qualifies them to diagnose and treat health conditions affecting the body or mind. They can also serve in senior roles that just practice as a registered nurse in clinics and hospitals. Policy makers and administrators are some of the roles that an FNP can perform.
Family Nurse Practitioner Work Settings
FNPs have graduate degrees with national certification and state license to practice as advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs). They care for patients across age groups, including children, adolescents, adults, and the aged. FNPs work in independent private practice or with other medical professionals in various clinical settings, including:
- Physician offices
- Community clinics
- Local and state health departments
- Ambulatory care facilities
The FNP practice places a strong emphasis on wellness and disease prevention. They also provide treatment for all illnesses from mild to severe conditions that affect a member of the family of any age group. FNPs perform various duties in their practice, including:
- Development of treatment plans for acute and chronic illnesses
- Educate and guide patients on healthy lifestyle habits and disease prevention
- Following up health promotion changes throughout the patient’s aging process
- Conduct exams
- Perform diagnostic tests as well as screening evaluations
- Manage overall patient care focusing on lifestyle and development
- Emphasize on disease management and preventative care
- Prescribe medications
FNP nurses can, in some areas that experience a severe shortage of healthcare providers use their training in health diagnosis, assessment, and pharmacology to offer primary autonomous healthcare. Autonomous practice, however, requires oversight by a licensed physician.
Family Nurse Practitioner Education
An FNP is not a direct entry position but comes progressively after getting basic nursing education and experience. Aspiring FNP should get a general degree in nursing and pass a licensing examination to become a registered nurse. The knowledge that an RN gets during practice and pursuing a master’s degree in nursing (MSN) or DNP degree with a concentration on FNP specializations is the pathway to be an FNP.
The direct admission qualifications for an MNS degree require applicants to have a bachelor‘s degree in nursing from an accredited university or college together with accompanying transcripts. The applicant should also produce a valid RN license and a worksheet verification proof of working experience with the last five years.
Aspiring nurses with a degree in a non-nursing field can pursue an MSN degree by applying for a graduate level program in the same way as BSN holders. The difference is that they must taker prerequisite covering behavioral, natural, and social sciences. The non-nursing degree applicant must gain credits in microbiology, physiology, psychology, and communication and statistics.
Family nurse practitioner (graduate or post-graduate) programs combine classroom learning and clinical experience while placing a heavy emphasis on mastery of advanced clinical skills. The foundational courses for FNP are pathophysiology, health assessment, and pharmacology. Aspiring FNPs should also expect to take courses covering these areas of healthcare.
- Nursing research methods
- Family/lifespan nursing care
- Family/lifespan nursing theory
- Family counseling
- Adult and geriatric care
- Socio-cultural issues acute and chronic illnesses management
- Dynamics of family health care
Family Nurse Practitioner Study Period
The time it takes to complete an FNP program will vary depending on the nursing level of education and experience. The chosen subspecialty and course style also contributed to the time that a program takes to complete. Full-time students can complete it quicker; sometimes in half the time, it will take part timers.
MSN programs require 30-36 credits that complete in 2-3 years. It is a timeline that applies to the students who have a BSN degree and a registered nurse license. Full-time BSN-MSN program students can fulfill all the requirements faster in 15-25 months. Part-time students will take up to 40 months.
Some RN to MSN programs accept an application from holders of an Associate‘s Degree in Nursing (ADN). They have more coursework to cover that takes 36 around 36 months for full-time students. Part-time students complete in 4-5 years.
Registered nurses with an MSN degree but return to nursing school for nursing specialization and certification can pursue a certificate course. It completes is about a year on average depending on the preferred specialty and relating clinical hour requirements.
Family Nurse Practitioner Clinical hours
FNP students should, in addition to education, expect to spend 500-700 hours of fieldwork some of them through preceptorship, where they receive mentoring by practicing physicians in healthcare settings.
Clinical rotation enables future nurses to experience the life of family practice nurse in various healthcare settings, including palliative care wards, cardiology, and maternity. Schools offering online programs assist students in finding placements for rotations at health facilities.
FNP students must the minimum number of faculty-supervised clinical hours at least 500, depending on the specialty. They must, in addition to 500 hours of direct care, gain practical care through laboratories and simulations.
Family Nurse Practitioner Subspecialties
The main FNP subspecialties include:
- Long-Term Care
- Critical Care
Family Nurse Practitioner Job prospects
A nursing shortage exists everywhere, but there is a higher demand for FNPs, especially in an area without an adequate number of physicians for the population. The job outlook will continue to be bright up as an aging baby boomer population will over require more specialized healthcare services. FNPs will become essential healthcare providers, especially in the team-based model of care where they will help in offer in preventive care and performing some of the similar services by physicians.
The average earning for an FNP is $8,830 a month and $50.92 an hour. It is mostly a salaried position, but the earnings can rise and fall according to patient load for nurses on hours worked. The hourly rate does not represent the hours it takes to review a case the practice or a healthcare facility. Others factors affecting the scary of an FNP are employer, experience, and location. Experienced nurses earn over $10,000 a month.
It is essential to choose the specialty of nursing you like when pursuing an MSN or DNP degree to become a family nurse practitioner; it will give job fulfillment than any other.