The gap between the demand for and availability of mental health services for adults is widening. Several factors contribute to this burgeoning need. The number of physicians specializing in this subfield is aging. While the majority of psychiatrists are past retirement age, a number of them are nearing the end of their careers. As a result, more patients are going to a rural or suburban location for care.
While traditional mental health care uses psychotropic medications, more recent advances in clinical trials have made this type of treatment a viable option for many people. These medications have reduced the risk of suicide, decreased the incidence of substance abuse, and reduced the number of hospitalizations. In addition to traditional medicines, pharmacologic treatments can also help patients with complex disorders. These complex interventions can incorporate several therapeutic modalities, which better reflect the patient’s individual needs.
Although the number of adults suffering from mental illness has increased, the prevalence is still relatively low. According to the National Institute of Health, 1 in five adults experiences some type of mental health disorder each year. Despite the widespread nature of the problem, it can begin early in life and be short-lived or chronic. It is possible to have more than one mental health disorder at a time. It is important to know what to look for in a patient who is experiencing mental distress.
Fortunately, medication is available for many mental illnesses and is used to treat many of their symptoms. Psychiatrists specialize in treating mental disorders, and their doctors can prescribe medications. These drugs are often used in conjunction with therapy to treat symptoms. Medications can be given in an outpatient or inpatient setting. Some common antidepressants, like antidepressants, can be prescribed as well as counseling.
Depending on the type of mental disorder, treatment may be provided in a variety of settings. For example, the patient may be treated at a community-based clinic or 12-step program. Similarly, care may be provided by a psychiatrist or a nurse practitioner. Inpatient psychiatric care is typically required when the patient is suffering from long-term symptoms. Inpatients will receive specialized care in the hospital.
Often, mental health and psychiatric care for adults is offered in a variety of settings. Inpatient care may be provided in a medical facility with a psychiatric floor. Inpatient treatment, also known as residential mental health care, is a residential setting that is dedicated to a patient’s needs. It is usually the best option for long-term mental illness symptoms.